Library

Peer-reviewed publications and reports by the Blue Carbon Initiative

Browse by ecosystem:

MangrovesOverviews, Modeling, Experimental and Observational Research, Remote Sensing

SeagrassOverviews, Modeling, Experimental and Observational Research, Remote Sensing

Salt marshOverviews, Modeling, Experimental and Observational Research, Remote Sensing

Multiple habitatsOverviews, Modeling, Experimental and Observational Research, Remote Sensing

Browse by geography:

Asia-Pacific, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Oceania, Global

Mangroves

Overviews:

Contribution of mangroves to coastal carbon cycling in low latitude seas
D. M. Alongi, S. K. Mukhopadhyay. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 213, 266-272 (2015)

Predicting global patterns in mangrove forest biomass
Hutchinson, J., Manica, A., Swetnam, R., Balmford, A., Spalding, M. Conservation Letters (2013)

Protocols for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of structure, biomass and carbon stocks in mangrove forests
Kauffman, J.B., & Donato, D.C. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. Working Paper 86. (2012)

Global economic potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from mangrove loss
Siikamaki, J., Sanchirico, J.N., Jardine, S.L. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(36) 14369-14374 (2012).

Addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation in tropical wetland ecosystems of Indonesia
Murdiyarso, D., & Kauffman, J.B. CIFOR. Infobrief 41 (2011)

Carbon payments for mangrove conservation: ecosystem constraints and uncertainties of sequestration potential
Alongi, D. Australian Institute of Marine Science. 14, 462-470 (2011).

The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern
Polidoro, B.A., Carpenter, K.E., Collins, L., Duke, N.C., Ellison, A.M., Ellison, J.C., Farnsworth, E.J., Fernando, E.S., Kathiresan, K., Koedam, N.E., Livingstone, S.R., Miyagi, T., Moore, G.E., Nam, V.N., Ong, J.E., Primavera, J.H., Salmo, III, S.G., Sanciangco, J.C., Sukardjo, S., Wang, J., Hong Yong, J.W. PLoS ONE. 5(4), 1-10 (2010).

Mangrove forests: Resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change
Alongi, D. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 1-13 (2007).

Present state and future of the world’s mangrove forests
Alongi, D. Environmental Conservation. 29 (3): 331-349 (2002)

Mangrove forests: One of the world’s threatened major tropical environments
Valiela I, Bowen JL and York JK. Mangrove Forests: One of the World’s Threatened Major Tropical Environments. BioScience. 51(10), 807-815 (2001)

Modeling:

N/A

Experimental and Observational Research:

Effect of high sedimentation rates on surface sediment dynamics and mangrove growth in the Porong River, Indonesia
Frida Sidik, David Neil, Catherine E. Lovelock. Marine Pollution Bulletin 107, 355-363 (2016)

Carbon Stocks of mangroves and losses arising from their conversion to cattle pastures in the Pantanos de Centla, Mexico
J. Boone Kauffman, Humberto Hernandez, Trejo, Maria del Carmen Jesus Garcia, Chris Heider, Wilfrido M. Contreras. Wetlands Ecology and Management 23:3 (2015)

The potential of Indonesian mangrove forests for global climate change mitigation
Daniel Murdiyarso, Joko Purbopuspito, J. Boone Kauffman, Matthew W. Warren, Sigit D. Sasmito, Daniel C. Donato, Solichin Manuri, Haruni Krisnawati, Sartji Taberima and Sofyan Kurnianto. Nature Climate Change, 5:12, 1089-1092 (2015)

Rapid Losses of Surface Elevation following Tree Girdling and Cutting in Tropical Mangroves
Joseph Kipkorir Sigi Lang’at, James G. Kairo, Maurizio Mencuccini, Steven Bouillon, Martin W. Skov, Susan Waldron, Mark Huxham. PLOS ONE (2014)

Seventy years of continuous encroachment substantially increases ‘blue carbon’ capacity as mangroves replace intertidal salt marshes
J.J. Kelleway, N. Saintilan, P.I. Macreadie, C.G. Skilbeck, A. Zawadzki, P. J. Ralph.  Global Change Biology, 22, 1097-1109 (2016)

Vegetation and soil characteristics as indicators of restoration trajectories in restored mangroves
Salmo III, S.G. Lovelock, C., Duke, N.C. Hydrobiologia 720:1-18 (2013)

Carbon storage in mangrove and peatland ecosystems: A preliminary account from plots in Indonesia
 Murdiyarso, D., Donato, D., Kauffman, J.B., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., & Kanninen, M. Working Paper 48 (2009)

Whole-island carbon stocks in the tropical Pacific: Implications for mangrove conservation and upland restoration
 Donato, D.C., Kauffman, J.B., Mackenzie, R.A., Ainsworth, A., & Pfleeger, A.Z. Journal of Environmental Management. 97, 89-96 (2012).

Variable effects of nutrient enrichment on soil respiration in mangrove forests
C. E. Lovelock, I. C. Feller, R. Reef, R. W. Ruess. Plant and Soil 379:1, 135-148 (2014)

CO2 Efflux from shrimp ponds in Indonesia
F. Sidik, C. E. Lovelock PLOS ONE 8:6, e66329 (2013)

Elevated rates of organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus accumulation in a highly impacted mangrove wetland
C. J. Sanders, B. D. Eyre, I. R. Santos, W. Machado, W. Luiz-Silva, J. M. Smoak, J. L. Breithaupt, M. E. Ketterer, L. Sanders, H. Marotta, E. Silva-Filho. Geophysical Research Letters 41:7, 2475-2480 (2014)

Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Donato, D.C., Kauffman, J.B., Murdiyarso, D., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., & Kannimnen, M. Nature Geoscience. 4, 293-297 (2011).

CO₂ Efflux from Cleared Mangrove Peat
Lovelock, C.E., Ruess, R.W., & Feller, I.C. PLoS ONE. 6:6, 1-4 (2011).

Remote Sensing:

Mapping spatial distribution and biomass of coastal wetland vegetation in Indonesia Papua by combining active and passive remotely sensed data
Aslan Aslan, Abdullah F. Rahman, Matthew W. Warren, Scott M. Robeson. Remote Sensing of the Environment 183, 65-81 (2016)

Special Issue “Remote Sensing of Mangroves: Observation and Monitoring”
 Guest Editor:  Dr. Chandra Giri. Remote Sensing (2016)

Characterizing the Spatial Structure of Mangrove Features for Optimizing Image-Based Mangrove Mapping
M. Kamal, S. R. Phinn & K. Johansen. Remote Sensing (2014)

Mapping of mangrove forest land cover change along the Kenya coastline using Landsat imagery
Kirui, K.B., Kairo, J.G., Bosire, J., Viergever, K.M., Huxham, M., & Briers, R.A. Ocean and Coastal Management. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.12.004.

Seagrass

Overviews:

Biomass and productivity of seagrasses in Africa
Michael N. Githaiga, Linda Gilpin, James G. Kairo, Mark Huxman. Botanica Marina. 59(2-3): 173-189

A Global Crisis for Seagrass Ecosystems
Orth, R.J., Carruthers, T.J.B., Dennison, W.C., Duarte, C.M., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck, Jr., K.L., Hughes, A.R., Kendrick, G.A., Kenworthy, W.J., Olyarnik, S., Short, F.T., Waycott, M., & Williams, S.L. BioScience. 56(2), 987 (2006).

Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems
 Waycott, M., Duarte, C.M., Carruthers, T.J.B., Orth, R.J., Dennison, W.C., Olyarnik, S., Calladine, A., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck, Jr., K.L., Hughes, A.R., Kendrick, G.A., Kenworthy, W.J., Short, F.T., & Williams, S.L. Procedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106(30), 12377–12381 (2009)

Extinction risk assessment of the world’s seagrass species
Short, F.T., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S.R., Carpenter, K.E., Bandeira, S., Bujang, J.S., Calumpong, H.P., Carruthers, T.J.B., Coles, R.G., Dennison, W.C., Erftemeijer, P.L.A., Fortes, M.D., Freeman, A.S., Jagtap, T.G., Kamal, A.H.M., Kendrick, G.A., Kenworthy, W.J., La Nafie, Y.A., Nasution, I.M., Orth, R.J., Prathep, A., Sanciangco, J.C., van Tussenbroek, B., Vergara, S.G., Waycott, M., & Zieman, J.C. Biological Conservation. 144(7), 1961-1971 (2011).

Molecular indicators of chronic seagrass stress: a new era in the management of seagrass ecosystems? (Letter to the Editor)
P. I. Macreadie, M. T. Schliep, M. A. Rasheed, K. Chartrand & P. J. Ralph. Ecological Indicators (2014)

Modeling:

Quantifying and modelling the carbon sequestration capacity of seagrass meadows–a critical assessment
P. I. Macreadie, M. E. Baird, S. M. Trevathan-Tackett, A. W. Larkum, & P. J. Ralph. Marine Pollution Bulletin 83:2, 430-439 (2014)

Experimental and Observational Research:

Fertilization Changes Seagrass Community Structure but not Blue Carbon Storage: Results from a 30-Year Field Experiment 
Jason L. Howard, Alex Perez, Christian C. Lopez, James W. Fourqurean. Estuaries and Coasts (2016)

Carbon storage in seagrass soils: long-term nutrient history exceeds the effects of near-term nutrient enrichment
A.R Armitage and J.W. Fourqurean. Biogeosciences (2016)

Seagrass ecosystems as globally significant carbon stock
Fourqurean, J.W., Duarte, C.M., Kennedy, H., Marba, N., Holmer, M., Mateo, M.A., Apostolaki, E.T., Kendrick, G.A., Krause-Jensen, D., McGlathery, K.J., & Serrano, O. Nature Geoscience. 1477: 1-5 (2012).

Variability in the Carbon Storage of Seagrass Habitats and Its Implications for Global Estimates of Blue Carbon Ecosystem Service
 P. S. Lavery, M. Mateo, O. Serrano, M. Rozaini. PLOS ONE (2013)

Whole-system metabolism and CO2 fluxes in a Mediterranean bay dominated by seagrass beds (Palma Bay, NW Med)
Gazeau, F., Duarte, C.M., Gattuso, J.P., Barron, C., Navarro, N., Ruiz, S., Prairie, Y.T., Calleja, M., Delille, B., Frankignoulle, M., & Borges, A.V. Biogeosciences. 2, 43-60 (2005).

Remote Sensing:

Towards understanding temporal and spatial dynamics of seagrass landscapes using time-series remote sensing
 M. B. Lyons, S. R. Phinn & C. M. Roelfsema. Estuarine. Coastal and Shelf Science (2013)

Salt marsh

Overviews:

China’s natural wetlands: Past problems, current status, and future challenges.
 An, S., Li, H., Guan, B., Zhou, C., Wang, Z., Deng, Z., Zhi, Y., Liu, Y., Xu, C., Fang, S., Jiang J., & Li, H. Ambio. 36 (4), 335-342 (2007)

Centuries of human-driven change in salt marsh ecosystems
 Bromberg Gedan, K., Silliman, B.R., & Bertness, M.D. Annual Review of Marine Science. 1, 117–141 (2009).

Modeling:

Evaluating tidal marsh sustainability in the face of sea-level rise: A hybrid modeling approach applied to San Francisco Bay
 Stralberg, D., Brennan, M., Callaway, J., Wood, J.K., Schile, L.M., Jongsomjit, D., Kelly, M., Parker, V.T., Crooks, S. PLoS ONE. 6(11), 1-18 (2011).

Experimental and Observational Research:

N/A

Remote Sensing:

Salinity influence on methane emissions from tidal marshes
 Poffenbarger, H.J., Needelman, B.A., & Megonigal, J.P. Society of Wetlands Scientists. 31: 831-842 (2011).

 

Multiple habitats:

Overviews:

Predators help protect carbon stocks in blue carbon ecosystems
Trisha B. Atwood, Rod M. Connolly, Euan G. Ritchie, Catherine E. Lovelock, Michael R. Heithaus, Graeme C. Hays, James W. Fourqurean, Peter I. Macreadie.  Nature Climate Change 5:12, 1038-1045 (2015)

Optimizing and managing coastal carbon: comparative sequestration and mitigation opportunities across Australia’s landscapes and land uses

 A. Lawrence, E. Baker C. E. Lovelock.  Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (2012)

Green Payments for Blue Carbon Economic Incentives for Protecting Threatened Coastal Habitats
 Murray, B.C., Linwood, P., Jenkins, W.A., & Sifleet, S Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions Report. NI_R_11-04 (2011)

Mitigating climate change through restoration and management of coastal wetlands and near-shre marine ecosystems
 Crooks, S., Herr, D., Tamelander, J., Laffoley, D., & Vandever, J. Environment Department Papers, Marine Ecosystem Series. Paper 121 (2011).

State of the science on coastal blue carbon: A summary for policy makers
 Sifleet, S., Pendelton, L., & Murray, B. State of the science on coastal blue carbon: a summary for policy makers. Nicholas Institue for Environmental Policy Solutions Report. NI R 11-06 (2011)

Blue carbon: The role of healthy oceans in binding carbon
 Nellemann, C., Corcoran, E., Duarte, C.M., Valdes, L., De Young, C., Fonseca, L., & Grimsditch, G. A Rapid Response Assessment. United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal. ISBN: 978-82-7701-060-1

Major role of marine vegetation on the oceanic carbon cycle
 Duarte, C.M., Middelburg, J.J., Caraco, N. Biogeosciences. 2:1-8 (2005).

Coastal Blue Carbon Opportunity Assessment for the Snohomish Estuary: The Climate Benefits of Estuary Restoration
Crooks, S., Rybczyk, J., O’Connell, K., Devier, D.L., Poppe, K., Emmett-Mattox, S. Report by Environmental Science Associates, Western Washington University, EarthCorps, and Restore America’s Estuaries (2014).

The Charisma of Coastal Ecosystems: Addressing the Imbalance
 Duarte, C.M., Dennison, W.C., Orth, R.J.W., Carruthers, T.J.B. Estuaries and Coasts. 31:233-238 (2008).

Introduction to the special issue on climate change and Brazilian coastal zone
 Copertino, M.S., Garcia, A.M., Muelbert, J.H., & Garcia, C.A.E. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences. 5(2), I-VIII (2010)

A blueprint for blue carbon – toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2
Mcleod, E., Gail, C.L., Bouillon, S., Salm, R., Bjork, M., Duarte, C.M., Lovelock, C.E., Schlesinger, W.H., & Silliman, B. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. (2011)

UNFCCC Workshop on technical and scientific aspects of ecosystems with high-carbon reservoirs not covered by other agenda items under the Convention
Jennifer Howard, Meeting Report, Conservation International

Incorporating ecosystem services into the implementation of existing U.S. natural resource management regulations: Operationalizing carbon sequestration and storage
 Sutton-Grier, A.E., Moore, A.K., Wiley, P.C., Edwards, P.E.T. Marine Policy 43, 246-253 (2014).

Selecting Cost-Effective Areas for Restoration of Ecosystem Services
 M. F. Adame, V. Hermoso, K. Perhans, C. E. Lovelock, and J. A. Herrera-Silveira. Conservation Biology 29:2, 493-502 (2014)

‘Blue carbon’ projects for the collective good
 C. E. Lovelock, R. R. J. McAllister. Carbon Management 4:5, 477-479 (2013)

Managed Retreat of Saline Coastal Wetlands:  Challenges and Opportunities Identified from the Hunter River Estuary, Australia
 Kerrylee Rogers,  Neil Saintilan, and Craig Copeland. Estuaries and Coasts 37, 67-78 (2014).

The role of coastal plant communities for climate change mitigation and adaptation
 C. M. Duarte, I. J. Losada, I. E. Hendriks, I. Mazarrusa, N. Marba. Nature Climate Change (2013)

Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise
Kirwan, M.L. & Megonigal, J.P. Nature 504, 53-60 (2013)

Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands
 Murdiyarso, D., Hergoulac’h, K., & Verchot, L.V. Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107, 19655-19660 (2010).

Profiles in Blue Carbon Field Work
 Allison Bredbenner, Fellow, Conservation International

Modeling:

Carbon accumulation of tropical peatlands over millennia:  a modeling approach
Kurnianto, S.,  Warren, M., Talbot, J., Kauffman, B., Murdiyarso, D., Frolking, S.  Global Change Biology, 21, 431-444 (2015)

Flexible C : N ratio enhances metabolism of large phytoplankton when resource supply is intermittent
D. Talmy, J. Blackford, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, L. Polimene, M. J. Follows, R. J. Geider. Biogeosciences 11, 4881-4895 (2014)

Coastal Ecosystem-based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values
Barbier, E., Koch, E.W., Silliman, B.R., Hacker, S.D., Wolanski, E., Primavera, J., Granek, E.F., Polasky, S., Aswani, S., Cramer, L.A., Stoms, D.M., Kennedy, C.J., Bael, D., Kappel, C.V., Perillo, G.M.E., & Reed, D.J. Science. 319, 321 (2008).

Estimating global “blue carbon” emissions from conversion and degradation of vegetated coastal ecosystems
Pendleton, L., Donato, D.C., Murray, B.C., Crooks, S., Jenkins, W.A., Sifleet, S., Craft, C., Fourqurean, J.W., Kauffman, J.B., Marba, N., Megonigal, P., Pidgeon, E., Herr, D., Gordon, D., Baldera, A. PLos ONE 7:9, 1-7 (2012).

Interdependency of tropical marine ecosystems in response to climate change
 M. L. Saunders, J. X. Leon, D. P. Callaghan, C. M. Roelfsema, S. Hamylton, C. J. Brown, T. Baldock, A. Golshani, S. R. Phinn, C. E. Lovelock, D. Hoegh-Guldberg, C. D. Woodroffe, & P. J. Mumby. Nature Climate Change 4, 724-729 (2014)

Experimental and Observational Research:

Indonesia’s blue carbon: a globally significant and vulnerable sink for seagrass and mangrove carbon
Alongi, D.M., Murdiyarso, D., Fourqurean, J.W., Kauffman, J.B., Hutahaean, A., Crooks, S., Lovelock, C.E., Howard, J., Herr, D., Fortes, M., Pidgeon, E., Wagey, T.  Wetlands ecology and management, 24:1, 3-13 (2016)

Temperate mangrove and salt marsh sediments are a small methane and nitrous oxide source but important carbon source
 Livelsley, S.J., & Andrusiak, S.M. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 97, 19-27 (2012).

Surface evolution and carbon sequestration in disturbed and undisturbed wetland soils of the Hunter estuary, southeast Australia
 Howe, A.J., Rodriguez, J.F., & Saco, P.M. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 84, 75-83 (2009).

Paleoreconstruction of estuarine sediments reveal human-induced weakening of coastal carbon sinks
 Macreadie, P.I., Allen, K., Kelaher, B.P., Ralph, P.J., Skilbeck, C.G. Global Change Biology 18, 891-901 (2012).

Contemporary rates of carbon sequestration through vertical accretion of sediments in mangrove forests and salt marshes of South East Queensland, Australia
 C. E. Lovelock, M. F. Adame, V. Bennion, M. Hayes, J. O. Mara, R. Reef, N. S. Santini. Estuaries and Coasts 37:3, 763-771 (2014)

A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2
E. Mcleod, G. L. Chmura, S. Bouillon, R. Salm, M. Björk, C. M. Duarte, C. E. Lovelock, W.H. Schlesinger, B. R. Silliman. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9:10, 552-560 (2011)

Transformation and fate of microphytobenthos carbon in subtropical, intertidal sediments: potential for long-term carbon retention revealed by 13C-labeling Limnology and Oceanography
 J. M. Oakes, B. D. Eyre, J. J. Middelburg. Limnology and Oceanography, 57:6 1846-1856 (2012)

Global carbon sequestration in tidal, saline wetland soils
 Chmura, G.L., Anisfeld, S.C., Cahoon, D.R., & Lynch, J.C. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 17:4, 1111 (2003).

Seasonal variability in carbonate chemistry and air–sea CO2 fluxes in the southern Great Barrier Reef
 E. C. Shaw, B. I. McNeil. Marine Chemistry 158, 49-58 (2014)

Mechanisms and ecological role of carbon transfer within coastal seascapes
G. Hyndes, I. Nagelkerken, R. McLeod, R. M. Connolly, P. Lavery & M. Vanderklift. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (2014)

Allochthonous and autochthonous contributions to carbon accumulation and carbon store in southeastern Australian coastal wetlands
N. Saintilan, K. Rogers, D. Mazumder, and C. Woodroffe. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 128, 84-92 (2013)

Remote Sensing:

An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT Version 2)
 77 authors including N. J. Hardman-Mountford & B. Tilbrook. Earth System Science Data (2014)

Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea
N. J. Murray, R. S. Clemens, S. R. Phinn, H. P. Possingham, & R. A. Fuller. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12:5, 267-272 (2014)

Asia-Pacific

Indonesia’s blue carbon: a globally significant and vulnerable sink for seagrass and mangrove carbon
Alongi, D.M., Murdiyarso, D., Fourqurean, J.W., Kauffman, J.B., Hutahaean, A., Crooks, S., Lovelock, C.E., Howard, J., Herr, D., Fortes, M., Pidgeon, E., Wagey, T.  Wetlands ecology and management, 24:1, 3-13 (2016)

Mapping spatial distribution and biomass of coastal wetland vegetation in Indonesia Papua by combining active and passive remotely sensed data
Aslan Aslan, Abdullah F. Rahman, Matthew W. Warren, Scott M. Robeson. Remote Sensing of the Environment 183, 65-81 (2016)

Effect of high sedimentation rates on surface sediment dynamics and mangrove growth in the Porong River, Indonesia
Frida Sidik, David Neil, Catherine E. Lovelock. Marine Pollution Bulletin 107, 355-363 (2016)

Carbon accumulation of tropical peatlands over millennia:  a modeling approach
Kurnianto, S.,  Warren, M., Talbot, J., Kauffman, B., Murdiyarso, D., Frolking, S.  Global Change Biology, 21, 431-444 (2015)

The potential of Indonesian mangrove forests for global climate change mitigation
Daniel Murdiyarso, Joko Purbopuspito, J. Boone Kauffman, Matthew W. Warren, Sigit D. Sasmito, Daniel C. Donato, Solichin Manuri, Haruni Krisnawati, Sartji Taberima and Sofyan Kurnianto. Nature Climate Change, 5:12, 1089-1092 (2015)

Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea
N. J. Murray, R. S. Clemens, S. R. Phinn, H. P. Possingham, & R. A. Fuller. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12:5, 267-272 (2014)

Vegetation and soil characteristics as indicators of restoration trajectories in restored mangroves
Salmo III, S.G. Lovelock, C., Duke, N.C. Hydrobiologia 720:1-18 (2013)

CO2 Efflux from shrimp ponds in Indonesia
F. Sidik, C. E. Lovelock PLOS ONE 8:6, e66329 (2013)

Addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation in tropical wetland ecosystems of Indonesia
 Murdiyarso, D., & Kauffman, J.B. CIFOR. Infobrief 41 (2011)

Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Donato, D.C., Kauffman, J.B., Murdiyarso, D., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., & Kannimnen, M. Nature Geoscience. 4, 293-297 (2011)

Carbon storage in mangrove and peatland ecosystems: A preliminary account from plots in Indonesia
Murdiyarso, D., Donato, D., Kauffman, J.B., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., & Kanninen, M. Working Paper 48 (2009)

Whole-island carbon stocks in the tropical Pacific: Implications for mangrove conservation and upland restoration
 Donato, D.C., Kauffman, J.B., Mackenzie, R.A., Ainsworth, A., & Pfleeger, A.Z. Journal of Environmental Management. 97, 89-96 (2012).

Coastal Ecosystem-based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values
Barbier, E., Koch, E.W., Silliman, B.R., Hacker, S.D., Wolanski, E., Primavera, J., Granek, E.F., Polasky, S., Aswani, S., Cramer, L.A., Stoms, D.M., Kennedy, C.J., Bael, D., Kappel, C.V., Perillo, G.M.E., & Reed, D.J. Science. 319, 321 (2008).

China’s natural wetlands: Past problems, current status, and future challenges.
 An, S., Li, H., Guan, B., Zhou, C., Wang, Z., Deng, Z., Zhi, Y., Liu, Y., Xu, C., Fang, S., Jiang J., & Li, H. Ambio. 36 (4), 335-342 (2007)

Africa

Biomass and productivity of seagrasses in Africa
Michael N. Githaiga, Linda Gilpin, James G. Kairo, Mark Huxman. Botanica Marina. 59(2-3): 173-189

Rapid Losses of Surface Elevation following Tree Girdling and Cutting in Tropical Mangroves
Joseph Kipkorir Sigi Lang’at, James G. Kairo, Maurizio Mencuccini, Steven Bouillon, Martin W. Skov, Susan Waldron, Mark Huxham. PLOS ONE (2014)

Mapping of mangrove forest land cover change along the Kenya coastline using Landsat imagery
Kirui, K.B., Kairo, J.G., Bosire, J., Viergever, K.M., Huxham, M., & Briers, R.A. Ocean and Coastal Management. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.12.004.

Europe

Whole-system metabolism and CO2 fluxes in a Mediterranean bay dominated by seagrass beds (Palma Bay, NW Med)
Gazeau, F., Duarte, C.M., Gattuso, J.P., Barron, C., Navarro, N., Ruiz, S., Prairie, Y.T., Calleja, M., Delille, B., Frankignoulle, M., & Borges, A.V. Biogeosciences. 2, 43-60 (2005).

North America

Carbon Stocks of mangroves and losses arising from their conversion to cattle pastures in the Pantanos de Centla, Mexico
J. Boone Kauffman, Humberto Hernandez, Trejo, Maria del Carmen Jesus Garcia, Chris Heider, Wilfrido M. Contreras. Wetlands Ecology and Management 23:3 (2015)

Evaluating tidal marsh sustainability in the face of sea-level rise: A hybrid modeling approach applied to San Francisco Bay
 Stralberg, D., Brennan, M., Callaway, J., Wood, J.K., Schile, L.M., Jongsomjit, D., Kelly, M., Parker, V.T., Crooks, S. PLoS ONE. 6(11), 1-18 (2011).

Coastal Blue Carbon Opportunity Assessment for the Snohomish Estuary: The Climate Benefits of Estuary Restoration
Crooks, S., Rybczyk, J., O’Connell, K., Devier, D.L., Poppe, K., Emmett-Mattox, S. Report by Environmental Science Associates, Western Washington University, EarthCorps, and Restore America’s Estuaries (2014)

Variable effects of nutrient enrichment on soil respiration in mangrove forests
C. E. Lovelock, I. C. Feller, R. Reef, R. W. Ruess. Plant and Soil 379:1, 135-148 (2014)

CO Efflux from Cleared Mangrove Peat
Lovelock, C.E., Ruess, R.W., & Feller, I.C. PLoS ONE. 6:6, 1-4 (2011).

Fertilization Changes Seagrass Community Structure but not Blue Carbon Storage: Results from a 30-Year Field Experiment 
Jason L. Howard, Alex Perez, Christian C. Lopez, James W. Fourqurean. Estuaries and Coasts (2016)

Carbon storage in seagrass soils: long-term nutrient history exceeds the effects of near-term nutrient enrichment
A.R Armitage and J.W. Fourqurean. Biogeosciences (2016)

Salinity influence on methane emissions from tidal marshes
 Poffenbarger, H.J., Needelman, B.A., & Megonigal, J.P. Society of Wetlands Scientists. 31: 831-842 (2011).

Incorporating ecosystem services into the implementation of existing U.S. natural resource management regulations: Operationalizing carbon sequestration and storage
 Sutton-Grier, A.E., Moore, A.K., Wiley, P.C., Edwards, P.E.T. Marine Policy 43, 246-253 (2014).

Selecting Cost-Effective Areas for Restoration of Ecosystem Services
 M. F. Adame, V. Hermoso, K. Perhans, C. E. Lovelock, and J. A. Herrera-Silveira. Conservation Biology 29:2, 493-502 (2014)

South America

Elevated rates of organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus accumulation in a highly impacted mangrove wetland
C. J. Sanders, B. D. Eyre, I. R. Santos, W. Machado, W. Luiz-Silva, J. M. Smoak, J. L. Breithaupt, M. E. Ketterer, L. Sanders, H. Marotta, E. Silva-Filho. Geophysical Research Letters 41:7, 2475-2480 (2014)

Introduction to the special issue on climate change and Brazilian coastal zone
 Copertino, M.S., Garcia, A.M., Muelbert, J.H., & Garcia, C.A.E. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences. 5(2), I-VIII (2010)

Oceania

Seventy years of continuous encroachment substantially increases ‘blue carbon’ capacity as mangroves replace intertidal salt marshes
J.J. Kelleway, N. Saintilan, P.I. Macreadie, C.G. Skilbeck, A. Zawadzki, P. J. Ralph.  Global Change Biology, 22, 1097-1109 (2016)

Characterizing the Spatial Structure of Mangrove Features for Optimizing Image-Based Mangrove Mapping
M. Kamal, S. R. Phinn & K. Johansen. Remote Sensing (2014)

Seasonal variability in carbonate chemistry and air–sea CO2 fluxes in the southern Great Barrier Reef
 E. C. Shaw, B. I. McNeil. Marine Chemistry 158, 49-58 (2014)

Contemporary rates of carbon sequestration through vertical accretion of sediments in mangrove forests and salt marshes of South East Queensland, Australia
 C. E. Lovelock, M. F. Adame, V. Bennion, M. Hayes, J. O. Mara, R. Reef, N. S. Santini. Estuaries and Coasts 37:3, 763-771 (2014)

Managed Retreat of Saline Coastal Wetlands:  Challenges and Opportunities Identified from the Hunter River Estuary, Australia
 Kerrylee Rogers,  Neil Saintilan, and Craig Copeland. Estuaries and Coasts 37, 67-78 (2014).

Towards understanding temporal and spatial dynamics of seagrass landscapes using time-series remote sensing
 M. B. Lyons, S. R. Phinn & C. M. Roelfsema. Estuarine. Coastal and Shelf Science (2013)

Surface evolution and carbon sequestration in disturbed and undisturbed wetland soils of the Hunter estuary, southeast Australia
 Howe, A.J., Rodriguez, J.F., & Saco, P.M. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 84, 75-83 (2009).

Allochthonous and autochthonous contributions to carbon accumulation and carbon store in southeastern Australian coastal wetlands
N. Saintilan, K. Rogers, D. Mazumder, and C. Woodroffe. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 128, 84-92 (2013)

Optimizing and managing coastal carbon: comparative sequestration and mitigation opportunities across Australia’s landscapes and land uses
 A. Lawrence, E. Baker C. E. Lovelock.  Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (2012)

Paleoreconstruction of estuarine sediments reveal human-induced weakening of coastal carbon sinks
 Macreadie, P.I., Allen, K., Kelaher, B.P., Ralph, P.J., Skilbeck, C.G. Global Change Biology 18, 891-901 (2012).

Temperate mangrove and salt marsh sediments are a small methane and nitrous oxide source but important carbon source
 Livelsley, S.J., & Andrusiak, S.M. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 97, 19-27 (2012).

Interdependency of tropical marine ecosystems in response to climate change
 M. L. Saunders, J. X. Leon, D. P. Callaghan, C. M. Roelfsema, S. Hamylton, C. J. Brown, T. Baldock, A. Golshani, S. R. Phinn, C. E. Lovelock, D. Hoegh-Guldberg, C. D. Woodroffe, & P. J. Mumby. Nature Climate Change 4, 724-729 (2014)

Transformation and fate of microphytobenthos carbon in subtropical, intertidal sediments: potential for long-term carbon retention revealed by 13C-labeling
 J. M. Oakes, B. D. Eyre, J. J. Middelburg. Limnology and Oceanography, 57:6 1846-1856 (2012)

Global

Special Issue “Remote Sensing of Mangroves: Observation and Monitoring”
 Guest Editor:  Dr. Chandra Giri. Remote Sensing (2016)

Predators help protect carbon stocks in blue carbon ecosystems
Trisha B. Atwood, Rod M. Connolly, Euan G. Ritchie, Catherine E. Lovelock, Michael R. Heithaus, Graeme C. Hays, James W. Fourqurean, Peter I. Macreadie.  Nature Climate Change 5:12, 1038-1045 (2015)

Predicting global patterns in mangrove forest biomass
Hutchinson, J., Manica, A., Swetnam, R., Balmford, A., Spalding, M. Conservation Letters (2013)

Present state and future of the world’s mangrove forests
Alongi, D. Environmental Conservation. 29 (3): 331-349 (2002)

Mangrove forests: One of the world’s threatened major tropical environments
Valiela I, Bowen JL and York JK. Mangrove Forests: One of the World’s Threatened Major Tropical Environments. BioScience. 51(10), 807-815 (2001)

Global economic potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from mangrove loss
 Siikamaki, J., Sanchirico, J.N., Jardine, S.L. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(36) 14369-14374 (2012).

Mangrove forests: Resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change
Alongi, D. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 1-13 (2007).

The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern
 Polidoro, B.A., Carpenter, K.E., Collins, L., Duke, N.C., Ellison, A.M., Ellison, J.C., Farnsworth, E.J., Fernando, E.S., Kathiresan, K., Koedam, N.E., Livingstone, S.R., Miyagi, T., Moore, G.E., Nam, V.N., Ong, J.E., Primavera, J.H., Salmo, III, S.G., Sanciangco, J.C., Sukardjo, S., Wang, J., Hong Yong, J.W. PLoS ONE. 5(4), 1-10 (2010).

Contribution of mangroves to coastal carbon cycling in low latitude seas
D. M. Alongi, S. K. Mukhopadhyay. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 213, 266-272 (2015)

A Global Crisis for Seagrass Ecosystems
Orth, R.J., Carruthers, T.J.B., Dennison, W.C., Duarte, C.M., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck, Jr., K.L., Hughes, A.R., Kendrick, G.A., Kenworthy, W.J., Olyarnik, S., Short, F.T., Waycott, M., & Williams, S.L. BioScience. 56(2), 987 (2006).

Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems
 Waycott, M., Duarte, C.M., Carruthers, T.J.B., Orth, R.J., Dennison, W.C., Olyarnik, S., Calladine, A., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck, Jr., K.L., Hughes, A.R., Kendrick, G.A., Kenworthy, W.J., Short, F.T., & Williams, S.L. Procedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106(30), 12377–12381 (2009)

Extinction risk assessment of the world’s seagrass species
Short, F.T., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S.R., Carpenter, K.E., Bandeira, S., Bujang, J.S., Calumpong, H.P., Carruthers, T.J.B., Coles, R.G., Dennison, W.C., Erftemeijer, P.L.A., Fortes, M.D., Freeman, A.S., Jagtap, T.G., Kamal, A.H.M., Kendrick, G.A., Kenworthy, W.J., La Nafie, Y.A., Nasution, I.M., Orth, R.J., Prathep, A., Sanciangco, J.C., van Tussenbroek, B., Vergara, S.G., Waycott, M., & Zieman, J.C. Biological Conservation. 144(7), 1961-1971 (2011).

Seagrass ecosystems as globally significant carbon stock
Fourqurean, J.W., Duarte, C.M., Kennedy, H., Marba, N., Holmer, M., Mateo, M.A., Apostolaki, E.T., Kendrick, G.A., Krause-Jensen, D., McGlathery, K.J., & Serrano, O. Nature Geoscience. 1477: 1-5 (2012).

Variability in the Carbon Storage of Seagrass Habitats and Its Implications for Global Estimates of Blue Carbon Ecosystem Service
 P. S. Lavery, M. Mateo, O. Serrano, M. Rozaini. PLOS ONE (2013)

Molecular indicators of chronic seagrass stress: a new era in the management of seagrass ecosystems? (Letter to the Editor)
P. I. Macreadie, M. T. Schliep, M. A. Rasheed, K. Chartrand & P. J. Ralph. Ecological Indicators (2014)

Quantifying and modelling the carbon sequestration capacity of seagrass meadows–a critical assessment
P. I. Macreadie, M. E. Baird, S. M. Trevathan-Tackett, A. W. Larkum, & P. J. Ralph. Marine Pollution Bulletin 83:2, 430-439 (2014)

Centuries of human-driven change in salt marsh ecosystems
 Bromberg Gedan, K., Silliman, B.R., & Bertness, M.D. Annual Review of Marine Science. 1, 117–141 (2009).

Global carbon sequestration in tidal, saline wetland soils
 Chmura, G.L., Anisfeld, S.C., Cahoon, D.R., & Lynch, J.C. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 17:4, 1111 (2003).

Green Payments for Blue Carbon Economic Incentives for Protecting Threatened Coastal Habitats
 Murray, B.C., Linwood, P., Jenkins, W.A., & Sifleet, S Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions Report. NI_R_11-04 (2011)

Mitigating climate change through restoration and management of coastal wetlands and near-shore marine ecosystems
 Crooks, S., Herr, D., Tamelander, J., Laffoley, D., & Vandever, J. Environment Department Papers, Marine Ecosystem Series. Paper 121 (2011).

Blue carbon: The role of healthy oceans in binding carbon
 Nellemann, C., Corcoran, E., Duarte, C.M., Valdes, L., De Young, C., Fonseca, L., & Grimsditch, G. A Rapid Response Assessment. United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal. ISBN: 978-82-7701-060-1

State of the science on coastal blue carbon: A summary for policy makers
Sifleet, S., Pendelton, L., & Murray, B. State of the science on coastal blue carbon: a summary for policy makers. Nicholas Institue for Environmental Policy Solutions Report. NI R 11-06 (2011)

An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT Version 2)
 77 authors including N. J. Hardman-Mountford & B. Tilbrook. Earth System Science Data (2014)

Major role of marine vegetation on the oceanic carbon cycle
 Duarte, C.M., Middelburg, J.J., Caraco, N. Biogeosciences. 2:1-8 (2005).

UNFCCC Workshop on technical and scientific aspects of ecosystems with high-carbon reservoirs not covered by other agenda items under the Convention
Jennifer Howard, Meeting Report, Conservation International (2014)

‘Blue carbon’ projects for the collective good
 C. E. Lovelock, R. R. J. McAllister. Carbon Management 4:5, 477-479 (2013)

The Charisma of Coastal Ecosystems: Addressing the Imbalance
 Duarte, C.M., Dennison, W.C., Orth, R.J.W., Carruthers, T.J.B. Estuaries and Coasts. 31:233-238 (2008).

Protocols for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of structure, biomass and carbon stocks in mangrove forests
 Kauffman, J.B., & Donato, D.C. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. Working Paper 86.

Carbon payments for mangrove conservation: ecosystem constraints and uncertainties of sequestration potential
Alongi, D. Australian Institute of Marine Science. 14, 462-470 (2011).

A blueprint for blue carbon – toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2
Mcleod, E., Gail, C.L., Bouillon, S., Salm, R., Bjork, M., Duarte, C.M., Lovelock, C.E., Schlesinger, W.H., & Silliman, B. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. (2011)

Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands
 Murdiyarso, D., Hergoulac’h, K., & Verchot, L.V. Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107, 19655-19660 (2010).

Mechanisms and ecological role of carbon transfer within coastal seascapes
 G. Hyndes, I. Nagelkerken, R. McLeod, R. M. Connolly, P. Lavery & M. Vanderklift. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (2014)

The role of coastal plant communities for climate change mitigation and adaptation
 C. M. Duarte, I. J. Losada, I. E. Hendriks, I. Mazarrusa, N. Marba. Nature Climate Change (2013)

Flexible C : N ratio enhances metabolism of large phytoplankton when resource supply is intermittent
D. Talmy, J. Blackford, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, L. Polimene, M. J. Follows, R. J. Geider. Biogeosciences 11, 4881-4895 (2014)

Profiles in Blue Carbon Field Work
 Allison Bredbenner, Fellow, Conservation International (2013)

Estimating global “blue carbon” emissions from conversion and degradation of vegetated coastal ecosystems
Pendleton, L., Donato, D.C., Murray, B.C., Crooks, S., Jenkins, W.A., Sifleet, S., Craft, C., Fourqurean, J.W., Kauffman, J.B., Marba, N., Megonigal, P., Pidgeon, E., Herr, D., Gordon, D., Baldera, A. PLos ONE 7:9, 1-7 (2012).

Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise
Kirwan, M.L. & Megonigal, J.P. Nature 504, 53-60 (2013)